123下一页
发新帖
查看: 4831|回复: 22

[原创资料翻译] [连载] 亚当的模型指导书 下册 第一期

    [复制链接]
发表于 2018-8-31 17:42:56 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-8-31 17:45 编辑

写在最前面:
“技术分享”这个版块是岛上我最关心的一个版块了。可能是因为小白急于吸收营养吧。从这个版块的各种教程中学到很多,有些一知半解,有些逐渐开始变成了自己的实践。
最近正在啃亚当的两本模型指导书。书的内容非常适合新手,非常系统的把模型从组装到涂装的各种技术都展现出来。可以说是他这么多年模型经验的一个总的提炼。至少对于我这个小白来说非常受用。
至于为什么要翻译这本书,也是因为受到了之前各位版主们的鼓励,所以想尝试尽量多的为这个版块做一些贡献,让更多的人参与到模型制作,模型涂装中来,感受其中的乐趣。模型制作是一个休闲娱乐的事情,世界上没有标准答案,也没有最好的技法。我觉得,只要自己感觉到开心,那就按照自己的想法来吧,多实验,多做,就好啦。


最后,亚当这这套指导书分上下两册,第一册以组装,改造为主,第二册更多的讲涂装。我凭自己的喜好尝试着翻译第二册。当然,不可能一天全部都做完,不如慢慢做成连载吧,翻译水平着实有限,直译和意译相结合,有时候理解的可能不对,大家指点!工作繁忙,有可能烂尾,大家如果喜欢就多多督促我吧!


最后的最后:所有图片和图书的版权归原作者和出版社所有,任何人不得用于商业用途。翻译稿暂时只在模型岛放出,欢迎转载,但请提前和本人取得联系。谢谢大家!

就是这本书!

就是这本书!

本书的封面,非常朴素却很生动

How I approach painting an AFV
我是如何涂装一辆战车的


Most of us know how busy life can get. weall dream about the many subjects that we would like to finish but only usuallyend up completing a fraction of them.
Therefore we must choose which subjects are most important and focus on them if anything is going to get completed. I have been publishing for around ten years now. There are a number of things that I always consider prior to making a model. I am normally not a scratch-builder so those factors are largely to do with how the model is going to be painted.
As a professional I begin by thinking about ifthe model is a common subject or not. Has it been completed well by othermodellers and published recently in magazines or on a well-known webpage? If ithas, can I then paint this model with an unusual theme or maybe using adifferent set of finishing techniques that have not been published in order toset it apart from the others?
Other very important things that I consider areif it will challenge me. Will I enjoy painting it? A lot of the subjects that Ihave published are just AFVs that I wanted to see finished in a specific way orsimply have not seen modeled before. I also consider what the overall shape andcolor of the model is going to look like. Does it have interesting textures anddetails that will be fun to paint? Will it photograph nicely after it'sfinished? I carefully consider all of this prior to undertaking and/orcommitting to any new projects.
After deciding to commit to project there arestill a number of things to consider. One is if the model is going to have anintricate camouflage or not. A camouflage will help me to decide if it mightnot be within my best interest to apply the Color Modulation style.
I also think about how much weathering do I wantthe completed subject to have? If the model is only going to have lightweathering I will need to depend more on methods such as blending oils alongwith chipping and rust effects to create contrast amongst the diriment details.If the model is going to be weathered heavily I will be able to create contrastamongst parts largely using dust and other earth effects. Effectively creatingcontrast is very important.


我们大多数人都生活得非常忙碌。 每个模型爱好者都梦想着清掉堆积,做多多的作品,但事与愿违,通常只能完成其中的一小部分。
因此,我们必须选择哪些主题最重要,一点点的做,专注的做,并且完成他们。我已经出道大约十年了。每做一个模型之前,我总会考虑很多。提前考虑好这个模型要涂装成什么样子那时必须滴!
妈妈告诉我,做事一定要显得专业一些。所以,我首先考虑我要做的模型是一个大众化的作品还是一个独特的作品。是不是已经有其他模型爱好者已经完成并在杂志或者网站上发布过了。如果是的,我就会用一个不寻常的主题来做涂装,或者用一些不同的技术,尽量让它看起来与众不同。
另外一个非常重要的考虑因素就是挑战性。我会想:我是否会喜欢涂装这个模型?我发表的很多主题都是战车模型。我特别想用一些特别的方式来完成,或者是用之前没看到过的方法。我还会考虑模型的整体形状和颜色的使用,是否有有趣的细节或者图案等等,整个涂装会不会充满乐趣?完成后拍出来的照片会不会好看?在开始任何一个新模型之前,我都会仔细考虑这些。
在决定开始做之后,仍有许多事情需要考虑。(不知道亚当是不是处女座啊!)一个是模型是否会有复杂的伪装。伪装将会决定我是否会使用我最感兴趣的CM技法。
我还会想这个模型究竟要旧化到什么程度为好呢?如果只是轻度的旧化,我会更多的使用滤镜,掉漆,以及锈蚀效果,以突出细节,行成对比。如果是重度旧化,我降在很大程度上用尘土和泥土效果来创建对比,
有效的创建对比度非常重要



下面是干货咯!
Creating contrast between details(distinction method)
创造对比度(译者注:我暂时称之为区分法)


Being able to create contrast between thevarious details of a model is a very significant skill to have.
I will demonstrate this numerous times throughout this book. Contrast helps to separate and draw attention to the different parts of a replica. A well painted model will contain lots of contrast between the different parts making it so much more interesting to look at. The trick to creating contrast is to do so without making it look obvious. I have been loosely referring to this style as "the Distinction Method". In fact it also encompasses Color Modulation. Let's look at a few examples before we get started.

能够在模型的各种细节之间创建对比是非常重要的技能。我将在本书中多次展示这一点。 对比度有助于对不同部分的分离并引起对这些部分的注意, 拥有出色涂装的模型都会包含不同部分之间的大量对比,使其看起来更生动。创造对比度的诀窍就是不要让它看起来很明显。 我一直把这种风格称为“区分法”。实际上我们常说的色调调节也包括在内。 在开始之前,让我们看几个例子。

02-01.jpg
Photo 1 图片1
Along with exaggerating volumes the Color ModulationStyle is also about creating contrast amongst details. The lighter greengradient shifting toward the lower part of the turret of the KV-1 helps todistinguish it from the upper hull. Note the lighter straps securing thecylindrical fuel tank as well as the flame cut ages on the top of the turretcasting distinguishing it from the upper plate. The same goes for the upperends of the hull side plates.
除了营造体积感之外,色调调节(也就是CM)还关于在细节之间创造对比。我们看到绿色沿着KV-1的炮塔向下慢慢得变的明亮。这有助于将其与上面的炮塔的水平顶部区别开。 请留意圆柱形燃油桶上的固定皮带,炮塔顶部的几个铸造件,他们的颜色都比较明亮,就是为了区别周围的色调。炮盾上方也是同样原理。

02-02.jpg
Photo 2 图片2
The Color Modulation is less obvious on thecompleted KV-1 but the contrast that I pointed out between the parts is stillevident. The washes, Chipping and earth tones have all helped to tone thecontrast down a little. Again, the trick is to know how to make the contrasteffective without making it obvious. Also evident in this photo is how theweathering plays a role in conjunction with Color Modulation. One area where wecan clearly see this is with the dark moist satin earth tones in the cornersdistinguishing the fender, hull and triangular fender supports from each other.

CM在完成后的KV-1上就不是那么显眼了,但我们仍然可以看出各个部分之间的对比度。渍洗,掉漆和泥土效果都有助于中和对比度。同样,诀窍就是让对比度柔和的体现出来。看着不扎眼,却十分的舒服。在这张照片中可以明显的看出来CM和旧化技法是如何一起发挥作用的。角落处的泥土堆积是深色调,而作为对比,挡泥板,前车面板却是浅色调。也就是我们所说的区分法。


02-03.jpg
02-04.jpg
02-05.jpg

Photo 3-5 图片3-5
Creating contrast amongst details can simply bedone by brushing light earth coloured pigments around them as on the reararmoured vent of this Tiger I or the cupola on the E-75. Wet-effects were alsoadded over the dust tones to further enhance the effect as seen in the photo ofthe completed E-75.
在细节之间建立对比,可以简单的用笔刷在这个舱盖周围淡淡的刷上一层泥土色天然土(可参考图片中虎式装甲通风口实例)。还可以在尘土色调上加入潮湿效果,可以进一步的增加对比度。(参考E-75完成图)


02-06.jpg
02-07.jpg
02-08.jpg


Photo 6-8 图片6-8
Larger subjects such as this 30.5cm SFL Baroften contain less weathering therefore other methods need to be relied on todistinguish parts from one another. On this example, oil paints and chippingeffects were used for this task. Note the yellow oil paint blended onto theouter sides of the superstructure to help distinguish it from the top and rearplates. The washes applied to the flame cut edges and the paint chips refinedto these interlocking comers also work in conjunction with the blended yellowoils. Different tones can also be seen amongst the various panels on the upperhull along with chipping effects distinguishing these parts from one another.Light weathering techniques can be used to make these effects less obviousresulting in a natural looking finish.
针对更大的对象,比如这台30.5cm SFL Bar通常不会有太强的旧化。因此更加需要增加不同部分的对比度。在这个实例中,运用了油画颜料和掉漆。车体侧面板的上部用了黄色油画颜料以增加侧面板和上部面板,以及后部面板的对比。在边缘结合部运用渍洗,和手涂掉漆与之前的黄色油画颜料部分作为结合。在水平面板上面也可以看出不同部分的色调也有所差异,这些差异是用掉漆效果很巧妙的区分开,以增强对比。这种轻旧化(是否可以这样翻译?)技术可以呈现这种若隐若现效果,看上去更加自然。


02-09.jpg
Photo 9 图片 9
Here are a few more examples of using weatheringto create contrast amongst different details. You can see the dark earth toneson the hull around the fender of this T-34. Note the lighter rust tones on theends of the spare track distinguishing each of the links from one another.



下面是另外几个使用旧化技巧创造对比度的例子。在这个T-34的挡泥板周围,你可以看到色调偏暗的泥土效果。同时注意备用履带上的锈蚀效果,在每节履带的边缘用浅锈色来达到“区分彼此”这个目的。


02-10.jpg
Photo 10 图片10
Effects like split fuel and grease can addcontrast between parts. Here they are distinguishing the hull and fenders fromeach other. Some of the split fuel was placed onto the fender making the effectless obvious and more natural looking.


利用燃油或机油泄露效果也可以增加部件之间的对比度。在这里,用这种效果把车体和挡泥板彼此区别开来。还是那句话,效果若隐若现,更加自然。


02-11.jpg
Photo 11-12 图片 11-12
The bedspring armour on the upper hull of this theoretical JS-3 has a number of various effects distinguishing the different parts. These effects were the light rust tones at the intersections of the frames and the chipped yellow civilian paint on a few of the lengths of angle bars.


再来看一张图片,在这辆架空的JS-3的上部弹簧床护甲有着非常明显的色调区别和对比。用明亮的锈色效果在实物的结合部位进行处理,用黄色颜料在角铁的长边上涂出掉漆效果。



02-12.jpg
Having a bit of an imagination with your choiceof subjects can be the best way to help you distinguish different details asseen on the E-50 below. The different types of primer seen on the black fendersand light grey armoured covers protecting the exhausts easily distinguish thesedetails from the red oxide hull.

在制作时多一点想象力是最好的办法。大家可以参考一下这台E-50上面不同细节的对比。黑色的侧裙板,浅灰色的挡泥板这些细节很容易和车体的氧化红色区别开来。



本章总结:
Having an idea of how to use all of themethods highlighted in these photos to create contrast will allow you to drawattention to certain details. Furthermore your models will be more interestingas a whole making each of the parts more attractive both capturing and keepingthe attention of viewers. This is why I refer to painting in this manner as"the Distinction Method" because Color Modulation is not alwaysneeded. Most of all, you will also discover that panting a model in this manneris much more enjoyable. Again, these painting methods will all be coveredlater, so let's get started with the basics of airbrushing, applying basecoatsand painting camouflages.
我们看了上面图片中用到的这些方法来创建对比度,可以让您方便的将注意力引向这些细节。你的模型将变得更加的生动,每个部分都充满了吸引力,并且能够抓住观众的眼球。这就是我为什么把他称之为“区分法”,因为并非一直要用CM技法来创造立体感和对比度。最重要的是,你会发现涂装一个模型是一件非常有趣的事情。 同样,后面的章节还会提到这些方法,好了,就让我们一起从最基本的喷涂,应用底色,和涂装迷彩这些基本技术开始吧。(敬请期待下期吧!)

点评

感谢楼主翻译分享!喜欢的朋友也请多多射分支持楼主的辛勤劳动成果!  发表于 2018-9-1 23:13
参与人数 7铜币 +750 收起 理由
liangyushen + 50 精致
Avswong + 100
Sato + 250 已推荐至「模型岛社区」公众号-编辑君专用
装甲雄风 + 100 亚当和MIG说的一样,CM是一套技法,不是单.
wz188 + 50 支持
爱丁堡 + 100 说的真好
小蜗牛阿超 + 100 感谢分享

查看全部评分总评分 : 铜币 +750

发表于 2018-8-31 17:59:56 | 显示全部楼层
支持支持!辛苦辛苦!!
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2018-8-31 18:34:08 | 显示全部楼层
楼主有心了
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2018-8-31 22:21:13 | 显示全部楼层
支持!这件事很有意义
回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2018-8-31 23:00:51 | 显示全部楼层
我对于这一章的理解:别看这章节没有说什么具体技法,但却可能是亚当关于涂装最核心的一个原则。就是创造对比,所有的技法,辅料,工具的应用都是为了达到这个目的,仿佛要让战车上每个部件都成为一个独立的色彩单元,需要柔和就和周围的保持一致,需要突出就和周围利用高区分开来。

其实说对比度还是有些晦涩,就是想尽一切办法在需要表达的区域中,为各个部件创造色差。例如提亮某个局部,例如用深色调或者用差异化大的色调表现结合部(如果还不好理解就想象一下渗线,渗线后达到了什么效果?)

所以,敲黑板啦,同学们一定要认真学习这个章节啊
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2018-8-31 23:24:59 | 显示全部楼层
最为学习过亚当教学的,支持一下
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2018-8-31 23:27:33 | 显示全部楼层
艺术创作的第一步是先学习油画么...
回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-1 00:45:24 | 显示全部楼层
另外,我的这本电子版的书是岛上朋友分享的,pdf是加了密码锁的,无法编辑。为了方便翻译后的呈现,有哪位有未加密的电子书pdf,是否可以分享一下。谢谢啦!
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
回复

使用道具 举报

发表于 2018-9-1 06:40:30 | 显示全部楼层
楼主幸苦了
回复

使用道具 举报

 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-1 19:54:35 | 显示全部楼层
预告一下,第二期下周放出。敬请期待!
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
回复

使用道具 举报

123下一页
发新帖
    您需要登录后才可以回帖 登录 | z注册  

    本版积分规则

    小黑屋|Archiver|模型岛 ( 苏ICP备14025939号|网站地图 

    Powered by Discuz! X3.2  © 2001-2013 Comsenz Inc.

    快速回复 返回顶部 返回列表