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[原创资料翻译] [连载] 亚当的模型指导书 下册 第五期 图案标识和徽章

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发表于 2018-9-18 15:00:03 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-9-18 16:48 编辑

又到了每周一更的时间。前面的几期是我非常推荐的,因为几乎所有的新手或准新手都可以用这几期上面的教程,哪怕是依葫芦画瓢,做出一个非常漂亮的模型来。我真正接触模型刚刚好一年时间。可以说大半年都在走各种各样的弯路,东西买了很多。钱费了不少,但水平却没有什么突破。直到现在,对很多东西都是一知半解,经常做得四不像。总之,希望大家看完这本教程可以有所收获,更重要的就是多多练习,等着各位大师们的诞生啦!

这一期的内容非常的有趣,强烈推荐各位达人们来看一看。如果说战车模型的色彩相对固定的话(比如:沙黄,德灰,美军橄榄褐,迷彩),车上的标识和图案可就丰富多样了。通过它们你可以很快就做出一个与众不同的模型或主题,立刻抓住眼球。不多说了,一起来吧!这次占四个楼层!

前四期传送门:
第一期:色彩区分 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56135-1-1.html
第二期:喷笔喷泵的选择 + 底色和迷彩喷涂 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56231-1-1.html
第三期:色调调节(CM技法) http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56473-1-1.html
第四期:滤镜 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57160-1-1.html

声明:所有图书和图片的版权均归原作者和原出版社所有,任何人不得用于商业用途。翻译稿暂时只在模型岛放出,欢迎转载,但请提前联系本人。非常感谢!

APPLYING MARKINGS &INSIGNIA 图案标识和徽章


这一章我们主要讨论给模型添加徽章,文字,或标识之类图案的方法。
In this section I will cover some methods forapplying markings.


想要做一个生动有趣的模型,徽章和数字能起到非常重要的作用。事实上,有时候我们会根据板件带的水贴,标志的类型来选择我们要做的主题。(译者注:这就是为什么一辆狂怒谢尔曼,魏特曼或卡里乌斯虎式往往价格要高出几倍的原因)我想说的是,战车上的编号,徽章应该看起来更加真实,有时候是干净整齐的,有时候看上去像是战场上匆忙刷上去的。通常来说,最好在喷好底色或迷彩,做过滤镜效果之后开始涂徽章和车号(或上水贴)。当然有些模友喜欢在渍洗之后画徽章或数字图案(上水贴),这样他们就不会受渍洗效果影响。我通常更偏好在渍洗前做图案,因为在我看来,渍洗是旧化工序的第一步,标识和车号等图案通常应该和底色一起被旧化。当然,我是我,你是你,具体步骤根据你自己的喜好来吧。
Numbers and insignia play a very importantrole in creating an interesting replica of any type. In fact I sometimes choosethe subjects that I want to build based only on the type of markings that theycarry. Numbers, insignia and other types of markings should be authenticlooking. They should be sharp and clean when necessary or appear to have beenhastily applied as is sometimes the case. Normally the best time to applymarkings is right after the basecoat camouflage and filters prior to washes.Some modellers like to apply the markings after the washes so that they do not get discoloredby the effect. I usually prefer applying them prior to washes. Washes are thefirst weathering step in my opinion, and the markings should usually beweathered with the rest of the basecoat but this decision is up to you. When toapply markings also depends upon the subject.



有很多种方法和产品来帮助我们做出非常逼真的标识图案。当然,某些方法和产品需要一定的练习才能够熟练的运用。有时候,实车上的标识,车号等图案本就是被坦克兵潦草的涂上去的,例如二战战场上的苏式战车往往都是这样。遇到这类模型,我们就比较走运了(译者注:精细的做不来,潦草我们还不拿手么。哈哈),这时我们可以徒手来绘制徽章和车号。
There are a number of methods and productsavailable to modellers for applying realistic looking markings. Some of thesemethods and products require a bit of practice in order to properly apply them.Occasionally we are lucky, sometimes markings on the actual vehiclesinfluencing our models were hastily applied by the crews. This is common withWWII Soviet armour subjects for example. In this caseyou can simply paint the numbers and insignia by hand.



用油漆或者涂料自己绘制图案当然能够带来最好的效果,但问题在于要画那些复杂图案的话太花费时间,太考验功力了。所以,模友们通常会采用水贴,转印贴,漏喷或遮盖的方式。所有这些方法都会在本章中呈现。让我们就从水贴开始吧。
Accurately painting markings using a paintbrush will naturally give you the best results. The problem with this is thatmuch of the time markings are rather detailed and neatly applied. In this caseone will usually need to resort to decals, dry-transfers, stencils and/ormasks. All of these methods will be discussed in this chapter. Let’s start withan example on using decals.




APPLYING DECALS 水贴的使用

水贴是模友在制作图案中最常见的一种方式。
Decals are one of the most common methods usedby modellers for applying markings.



各种比例模型套件中都会配水贴,各家制造商的水贴质量不一。有一些老的便宜板件配的水贴特别厚,贴在模型上显得特别的明显。如今,市场上大多数套件配的水贴质量都不错,不仅如此,市场上还有一些专门做水贴的公司,可以买到更多更全的款式,它们基本上都能让我获得满意的效果。你还可以购买空白水贴纸,然后使用CorelDRAW等图形编辑软件设计和打印专属于你自己的水贴纸。
Decal sheets have always been includedinside most types of scale modelling kits. The quality of decals can varydepending on the manufacturer of the kit. Decals included with some of theolder low-end kits would be rather thick and quite evident on the completedmodel. Today most kits on the market include decal sheets of rather goodquality. There are even a few after-market companies that specialize in onlydecals. I have had good results with most of them. You can also purchase blankdecal sheets to design and print your own markings using graphic designprograms such as CorelDRAW.


大多数情况我们都是在平面上贴水贴。但有时候比较悲催,贴水贴的位置会有铆钉啊,面板上的其他小细节这类的东东。这个时候就需要借助水贴辅助液(例如:水贴软化剂),加上一点耐心把水贴准确的贴在这些细节上。
Most of the time you will only need toapply decals over a flat surface. Unfortunately there are sometimes rivets,panel lines and other small details located where the decal needs to be placed.Therefore you will want a decal setting fluid along with some patience in orderto get the marking to properly lay flat over the details.



在下面的这个例子中,我们要在粗糙的防磁装甲上使用水贴。如果大家可以在这类粗糙的表面上用好水贴,那么在平坦的表面上更是不在话下。现在,就让我们用这个IV号坦克的炮塔作为例子开始吧。
In this example we will be applying decalsover a rough zimmerit surface. If one can properly get a decal to lie onto acoarse exterior such as this then simply laying a decal onto a flat surfacewill be rather easy. Let’s get started using this Panzer IV turret as anexample.



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Photo 1 图片1
这个例子中用到的水贴是 Echelon fine Decals牌的。这类公司做的水贴通常会关注某些特定的主题,场景,或某次战役。
The decals that I am going to apply in thisexample are offered from Echelon fine Decals. After market companies such asthis offer a wide range of decal sheets usually focusing on specific subjects,theaters and/or campaigns.




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Photo 2 图片2
首先,要尽可能得靠近图案边缘剪裁水贴纸。然后把它们放到水中,浸泡1-2分钟。最好使用一些水贴辅助套装,市场上可以买得到。比如我总是用Solvaset这个牌子的(译者注:是一个欧洲牌子的软化剂吧),效果不错!
First cut the decal from the sheet as closeas you can to the marking as possible. You will need to place the marking inwater letting it soak for about a minute or two. It is usually best to use adecal set and there are a few on the market. I have always had good resultsusing Solvaset.  





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Photo 3-6 图片3-6
接下来,在要贴水贴的位置抹一些水。水贴泡过一段时间水之后,小心的取下并放置到刚才涂过水的潮湿位置。
Apply some water onto the area where thedecal is to be applied. Once its has had a bit of time to soak very carefullyremove it from the backing and place it onto the dampened area.





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Photo 7 图片 7
利用表面的潮湿效果把水贴慢慢的滑到正确的位置。如果模型表面是光滑的,比如说喷过光油,那么这个过程更加容易操作。一旦正确贴好,放置干燥十分钟左右。如果你想加快这个等待时间,可以用干笔刷(译者注:也可以用棉签)小心的除去多余的水分。
Use the damp surface to slide the decalsinto their proper location. This process will be easier if the surface containsa satin or glossy finish. Once you have properly located the decals let themdry for about ten minutes. You can also carefully remove some of the excesswater using a dry paint brush if you want to speed up the process.




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Photo 8-9 图片8-9
等十分钟左右等水贴干了之后,刷一些Solvaset抹在水贴表面,它将软化水贴,让他们嵌入到粗糙表面的轮廓中去。如同我们这个例子,防磁表面非常的不平整。所以我建议放置模型过一夜让水贴彻底牢固。
After the decals have had about ten minutesto dry apply some Solvaset over them using a brush. The Solvaset will softenthe decals letting them form and sink into the various contours ofthe roughsurface. In this case the surface is very uneven and I would recommend puttingthe model down and letting the decals set overnight.  



在等待15-24小时之后,我发现干燥后的水贴和防磁装甲的一些凹陷区域有气泡产生。为了解决这个问题,我用锋利笔刀轻轻的在气泡上刺一个小孔,把气放掉,然后再涂一层Solvaset(软化剂),再放置六到七个小时。您可能要重复好几次这个过程。在这个例子中,我来回折腾了四次,直到水贴完全贴服在粗糙的表面上。
After waiting for 15 to 24 hours I foundair pockets between the dried decals and some of the recessed areas ofzimmerit. To fix this problem I used a new sharp hobby knife to lightlypuncture some fine holes over the air pockets, applied some more Solvaset, andlet the model set again for another six or seven hours. You might need torepeat this process a few times (I needed at least four times for this example)until the decals are laying completely flat on the rough surface.




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Photo 10-12 图片10-12
待水贴完全平整了之后,我用田宫光油整车喷一层保护漆,透明保护漆有助于水贴的光泽表面和模型上其他表面统一,从而减少因为表面洁净度和光泽度不同形成的水贴反光和痕迹。
After the decal was lying completely flat Iairbrushed the entire model with a coat of gloss using Tamiya clear paints. Theclear will help blend the glossy surface of the decals with the rest of thefinish on the model reducing a mistake commonly referred to as silvering.Silvering is when the surface of the decal has a glossier (or different) finishthen the rest of the model making the clear film around it obvious and themarking unrealistic.




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Photo 13-16 图片13-16
这款独特的T-55工程车是由著名的模型玩家Jari Hemilä通过定制水贴制作的。在CorelDRAW中设计好图案之后,打印在空白的水贴纸上。在这个例子的制作中,可以看到在贴水贴前先在打印好的水贴上喷涂一层珐琅透明保护漆以密封并固定水贴的图案。然后用前面说到的方法把它们贴在模型上。
In the case of this unique T-55 engineeringvehicle modeled by renowned Finish Modeller Jari Hemilä custom decals needed tobe made. After designing the markings in CorelDRAW they were printed onto ablank decal sheet. In this example an enamel satin coat was applied over the decalsto seal and protect them from the decal setting solution prior to cutting andlocating them onto the model using the methods seen in the previous example.


如果您的模型上有复杂的图案或标识,那么最好用质量好的水贴。除了水贴之外,还有一种替代产品就是转印贴纸,接下来让我们看一个有关转印贴纸的示例吧。
Good decals are great if your modelcontains many complex markings and insignia. An alternative to decals aredry-transfers. Let’s now look at a quick example about how to apply them.


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 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-18 15:00:44 | 显示全部楼层

DRY TRANSFERS 转印贴

本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-9-18 16:51 编辑

DRY TRANSFERS 转印贴


从90年代开始,转印贴也越来越多的被模友们使用。它是水贴的一种替代品,两者效果相当。(译者注:这种转印贴在高达模型里经常看到
Dry transfers became more accepted with armourmodellers during the 90s because they were an alternative to decals.



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Photo 1-2 图片1-2
在做转印贴纸前,先撕去其背面的保护膜。接下来,从塑料薄膜上切下所需要用到的标识或图案,然后将其放在模型上,用胶带固定.
To apply dry transfers you will first needto peel away a protective film on the back side. Next you will want to cut themarkings from the plastic film then locate it onto the model. Use tape to aidin firmly keeping the transfers in place.





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Photo 3-4
用钝器(译者注:比如指甲刀的刀背这些硬的东西)不断的擦塑料膜的背面,让转印贴粘在模型表面。注意,这个塑料薄膜背衬的固定非常重要,如果它在我们用钝器摩擦时还能移动,那么下面的转印图案就会花掉了。待我们一轮摩擦摩擦之后,小心的抬起塑料薄膜背衬,转印的图案就贴在上面了。
Use a blunt object to rub the back side ofthe plastic backing forcing the transfer to stick onto the surface of themodel. It is very important that the backing is firmly attached to the surface.If it moves at all while you are rubbing it the marking underneath will tear.After rubbing, carefully lift away the plastic backing leaving the markingattached to the surface.



在贴某些转印贴时,我们要摩擦的更加用力一些。有一些质量好的转印贴,当我们把塑料膜贴到模型上时,它的塑料薄膜背衬会翘起来一点,方便我们摩擦图案,并揭下它。通常,转印图案完成后,我会再上一层保护漆(消光,光油都可以)。
I found that you need to push harder whenapplying certain transfers than with others. If you are using a good set oftransfers the plastic backing will sometimes start to lift away from themarkings as you try to tape it onto the surface. Normally I will apply a matt,satin or gloss coat over the model after the transfers are applied.



上面说过,有些质量好的转印贴,塑料薄膜背衬更容易撕下。很多时候,经过一轮摩擦之后,薄膜就已经自己脱离了。但有些时候很悲剧,一轮摩擦之后发现转印部分还粘在薄膜上,这个时候大家把它重新放上去,继续摩擦摩擦吧!
As I mentioned, with some brands themarkings will come free more easily from the plastic sheet than with others. Manytimes I have pulled the plastic film away after rubbing a marking in place andto my dismay found parts of the transfer still attached to the sheet. Duringthese frustrating moments you will need to relocate the sheet getting the bitsback in place and rub them some more.



最近,转印贴纸仿佛特别受模友的欢迎。更多厂商都在生产自己的转印贴。通常你可以在市场上买到现成的转印贴纸成品,能够满足你大多数需求,包括各种标记,旗帜,仪表盘,甚至是三维铆钉和焊缝。
Today dry transfers are still fairlypopular with a number of companies offering their own ranges. You can usuallyfind dry transfer sheets to fit much of your needs ranging from most types ofmarkings, flags, instrument dials and even 3-D rivets and weld seams.



如果您模型上的图案或标识特别简单,那么用笔涂或遮盖的方式可能是最方便简单的。用这些方式来做数字和徽章效果最好。接下来我们看一下手涂标识图案经常需要用到的一些技巧。
If the markings on your replica are rathersimple it may just be easiest to paint them on using a fine brush or stencil.Applying numbers and insignia with these methods will most likely give you thebest results. Let’s now look at a few techniques often needed when paintingmarkings buy hand.  

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 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-18 15:00:59 | 显示全部楼层

PAINTING MARKINGS BY HAND 手涂标识和图案

本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-9-18 16:55 编辑

PAINTING MARKINGS BY HAND 手涂标识和图案


显然,针对一些简单的图案或标识,用遮盖或者笔涂的方式往往能够得到最佳的视觉效果。
Obviously it is best to apply simple markingsusing a paint brush or stencils when possible for the most authentic looking results.



我们将在下一部分讨论遮盖,这里就单说手涂。手工绘制标识图案时,你不用担心反光之类的问题。如果你觉得水贴质量太烂或者对上了水贴之后的感觉不好,你就可以选择用手涂的方式。虽然这是一种我最喜欢的方式,但我自己却是一个苦手,因为我实在是缺乏练习。我的经验就是放松,自信,尽管去试,一定可以出效果的(亚当的鸡汤也是一壶一壶的灌啊!)
We will discuss stencils in the nextsegment. When painting markings by hand you will not encounter problems such assilvering that you sometimes see with poorly applied or low- quality decals forexample. Although my preferred method, painting markings free-hand using abrush has always been a weak area for me because I simply lack practice. I havelearned through experience that you just need to relax and be confident.


在笔涂的时候,笔刷的质量非常重要。温莎牛顿7系列画笔是我在手涂标识图案时候的首选。同时,在材料上我还推荐用珐琅颜料,因为它干得慢,出错的时候可以修复。通常珐琅性质颜料一天以后就会彻底干燥了,接下来你就可以做渍洗和其他效果了,不担心会破坏漆面。
A new hi-quality paint brush is mostimportant. The Winsor & Newton Series Seven brushes are what I feel themost comfortable with when painting markings. I would also recommend enamelpaints because they dry slower allowing you to fix mistakes. After about a dayenamel paints should solidify fairly well. You should be able to apply enamelwashes and other effects in controlled amounts over them without smudging orlifting parts of the paint away.



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当你在笔涂大一点的标语的时候要提前做好计划。要弄清楚这一段标语在从模型上的什么位置开始,到什么位置结束。你在上面的追猎者上看到的标语并不是从左往右画的。而是从每个单词的中间开始,往两边写。遮盖带可以帮助你很好的完成这个过程。我们来看几个例子。
You need to plan carefully when paintinglarge slogans by brush. You should know where the slogan will both start andend.  None of the slogans on my Hetzerseen on page 64 were painted from left to right. Instead I started with thecenter letters of each word and then worked my way out to each end.  Masking tape can aid you in this process.Let’s look at a few examples.  




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Photo 1 图片 1
这款自行加农炮侧面的标语更容易一些,因为侧面的空间足够大,我不用太关心它们在哪里结束。在这种情况下文字不用太工整,歪一点,斜一点,反而能增加那种匆匆忙忙写上去的真实性,这些标语本身也是手工书写上去的。我只求这辆车两侧的文字能够保持笔直就好。
The sentences on the side of thisGeschuzwagen Tiger Fur 17cm were a bit easier to apply because I was not tooconcerned as to where they would end. In this case off-centered hastily appliedlooking text would only add the authenticity of the part because these phraseswere supposedly painted in the field by hand. I did want to keep the textfairly straight on the side of this tall vehicle.




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Photo 2-3 图片2-3
开始之前,我用Humbrol漆稀释调制好涂料。用遮盖带确定标语的位置,也能帮助各个字母之间保持一致。
Before starting I thinned the Humbrol paintusing enamel thinner. A piece of tape was used to establish where the phrasewould be while also working as a guide helping me to keep the letters in linewith one another.





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Photo 4-7 图片4-7
这个例子中,模型的表面是消光的。即使漆还没干,要想在消光表面把涂料擦掉也是不容易的。(译者注:意思就是写错了可就不好擦掉重来了。)所以写完之后我在文本周围做了一些修饰。用田宫水漆调出来的底色—防锈红给文字的周围做一下修饰,主要针对一些手涂中的失误位置。同样,旧化效果也能巧妙的隐藏或消除之前手涂中不慎留下的错误。
In this case the surface of the model wascompletely matt. It is much more difficult to remove paints from these types offinishes even when it is still wet. I applied some touch-up around areas of thetext where I ran into difficulties using the left over primer red Tamiya paintthat I mixed in order to airbrush the model. Weathering will also help tosubtly hide the areas on the text where faint smudges of white were left overfrom blending and removing mistakes.





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Photo 8 图片8
还记得我们之前在那辆JSU-152上手涂的迷彩图案么?这辆JS-3上的识别条纹也是同样手法。先绘制轮廓,满意之后再慢慢填满它们。为了给这个识别条纹增加真实性,我故意涂的比较潦草,还做出了油漆过多流下来的样子。但需要小心,在画这个条纹的时候很容易一不留神画的过粗,和真实比例就不相符了。同样,手涂的时候我还是推荐温莎牛顿 7系列毛笔。
The thicker identification stripes andnumbers on this JS-3 were painted like the camouflage on the JSU-152 earlier. Ipainted the outlines of the markings first then filled them in. Runs add muchcharacter and authenticity to hastily applied markings such as these. You needto be careful because it is very easy to paint runs like this that are too bigand out of scale. Again I would recommend a new Winsor & Newton seriesseven brush for these details.




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Photo 9-10 图片9-10
图案和标识涂完之后,我会在模型上薄喷几层田宫清漆。让手涂的标识或图案和模型底色保持漆面一致,为后续旧化做好准备。
I waited until after the markings werefinished in order to apply a few coats of Tamiya clear over the model. Applyingthe clear after ensured that both the markings and base green contained thesame satin finish.  



总结时间:只要有可能,我都会选择手涂图案和标识。重要的事情还是要强调一下,在手涂比较大块的标语或者图案时,一定要事先规划好他们在模型上的位置,别写着写着发现写不下了可就得哭了。当然,无论何时,我也都会尝试用遮盖模板,如同手涂一样,借助遮盖用喷笔喷涂也能让你获得非常真实的效果。下面让我们看一个简单的例子。
I try to apply markings by hand wheneverpossible. It is important to remember that when applying large markings orslogans you will need to know where they will both start and finish on themodel. Whenever possible I also try to use stencils. Like brush painting,airbrushing with stencils can also help to give you very genuine lookingmarkings. Let’s look at a quick example.
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-18 15:01:14 | 显示全部楼层

APPLYING MARKINGS USING STENCILS AND MASKS 遮盖喷涂标识和图案

本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-9-18 16:59 编辑

APPLYING MARKINGS USINGSTENCILS AND MASKS 遮盖喷涂标识和图案


和手涂一样,只要有可能我就会尝试用模板遮盖的方式来做标识和图案。效果同样很赞!
Like brush painting I also try to use stencilsand masks whenever possible when applying markings and insignia.



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有些模型套件中可能也会包含一些遮盖模板。和水贴和转印贴一样,市场上有很多公司提供各种现成产品供选择,例如遮盖纸,标识漏喷等等,不一而足。捷克品牌Edward就有很多可以切割的遮盖模板,效果相当好。还有一些公司,如德国的MXpression,甚至可以根据客户的需要定制遮盖。遮盖模板通常也可以用蚀刻片来做,但是如果模型表面有很多小细节(译者注:类似凸起的铆钉,凸起的小零件等)对于遮盖蚀刻片来说就有点困难了。
Stencils or masks are also sometimesincluded with kits. Like decals and dry-transfers there are a number ofaftermarket companies who offer stencils for everything from markings to entirecamouflages. Edward from the Czech Republic offers a large variety of die-cutadhesive shapes that work rather well. Some companies such as MXpression fromGermany even offer custom adhesive masks at customer request. Stencils are alsoavailable in photo-etch frets although these are difficult to use if thesurface contains contours or details, as most often do.



06-04-02.jpg     06-04-03.jpg
Photo 2-3 图片2-3
你可以很简单的自己制作模板和遮盖,我来呈现一下我是怎么做那辆JSU-152的。首先,确保模板周围尽可能多的遮盖好模型,否则,一旦遮盖不足,你会发现喷完撕下遮盖带之后,边缘会出现一条淡淡的痕迹,我们叫它“过喷线”。在喷涂的时候,喷笔的操作也很重要。一定要用喷笔快速的扫过遮盖模板,等干之后再扫一遍,还是老话,薄喷多层,尤其是在这个时候。因为一旦一次喷的过多,油漆就会被遮盖纸吸收,从而渗到遮盖模板的缝隙中,到时候你就看到图案边缘那叫一个乱啊!所以,这里比之前薄喷底色时还要注意。重要的事情说三遍:一定要薄,一定要薄,一定要薄!
You can simply make your own stencils andmasks such as I did with this JSU-152. Make sure that you mask as much of themodel as you can around the stencil or faint lines of overspray will be evidentafter it is removed. It is also important that you airbrush the stencil usinglight quick passes with your airbrush letting each coat dry before applying thenext. Apply too much paint at once and it will be absorbed by capillary actionbetween the mask and model creating an unwanted messy result.





06-04-04.jpg     06-04-05.jpg
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Photo 4-6 图片4-6
与水贴和转印贴一样,在你喷好取下遮盖之后,可以在图案上继续修饰。例如你可以用笔刷在数字或者徽章上创建逼真的笔痕模拟战场上实际涂装的样子。最后,还是建议喷一遍光泽清漆统一模型整体漆面。
As with decals and dry-transfers you canpaint over the markings after you remove the stencils creating realistic brushstrokes on numbers and insignia supposedly painted in the field. Again I wouldrecommend adding a satin or gloss varnish over the model once the markings arecomplete.




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Photo 7-10 图片7-10
为了给这辆LVT上涂标识和图案,我从MXpression定制了一套遮盖模板。不过,其中有一组“Crocodile Tears”的字母模板有点棘手。我小心的取下遮盖纸之后,发现字母中间的一小部分还粘在背衬上。这些小碎片需要我们一个一个从背衬上小心的取下,然后准确地再贴到模型上。如果这时手头没有一把称手的镊子和一把干净的笔刀,恐怕只有干瞪眼的份了。
I decided to order custom adhesive stencilsfrom MXpression in order to create the markings on this LVT - (A) 1. One of thestencils which read, “Crocodile Tears” was a bit tricky to apply. Aftercarefully removing the stencil some of the inner parts of the letters remainedstuck to the backing. These fine pieces needed to be removed from the backingand properly located one at a time. This could not have been accomplishedwithout a fine pair of tweezers and a new clean knife.   




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06-04-13.jpg     06-04-14.jpg        06-04-15.jpg
Photo 11-15 图片11-15
首先,我用遮盖,做出黄色标识区域。(详情可参考图片11-13)我使用遮盖带和遮盖液组合覆盖标识周围的区域(译者注:遮盖的时候需要检查一遍,千万不能留缝,所以我建议在图案边缘处选择好一点的遮盖带)。确保喷涂后撕掉遮盖之后不会有过喷的现象出现。千万记住喷笔要快速的扫过遮盖区域,等一层干燥之后再来一层。一次喷太多容易被遮盖纸吸收,破坏图案效果。
I started with the masks only for theyellow insignia. After locating all of these markings I used a combination ofmasking tape and liquid mask to cover the areas and details around the masks.This would ensure that no overspray would be evident after the markings wereairbrushed and the stencils removed. Remember to airbrush the stencil usinglight quick passes with your airbrush letting each coat dry before applying thenext. Applying too much paint at once will allow it to be absorbed by thecorollary action between the tape and the model.



在揭除“Crocodile Tears”这组文字遮盖的时候,我犯了个错误,就是没等油漆干透,结果连着漆膜一起撕下来了。只好再用细毛笔小心的修饰一下。
I made the mistake of not giving the paintenough time to dry prior to removing the “Crocodile Tears” stencil. These areasneeded to be carefully touched up using a fine paintbrush.


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Photo 16-19 图片16-19
等之前的标识干燥一个小时之后,我用剩下的遮盖喷涂白色的星星和车号数字。做完之后,我会用砂纸轻轻的擦一下刚才喷涂的标识和图案,这样可以有效的除去这些图案边缘因为遮盖造成的高低落差,让他们看起来更加的自然。最后,还是来一层田宫清漆。
After the markings had an hour or so to dryI applied the rest of the masks and airbrushed the white stars and numbers. Ilightly rubbed the dry markings using very fine sandpaper to remove any edgescreated by the masks. This will give the markings more of a natural appearance.A coat of Tamiya clear was applied over the entire model after all of themarkings where applied.  




总结:为了追求模型的真实效果,使用尽可能逼真的标识和图案非常重要。这一章介绍了很多好方法和高质量的配套产品。想要获得更好的效果,我推荐您尽可能的使用手涂或者模板遮盖的方法。当然,如果有高质量的水贴也是非常棒的。
Appling realistic looking numbers andinsignia is very important when creating authentic replicas of any type. Thischapter demonstrated that there are a number of methods and products availableto help effectively apply markings.  Tryto resort to using a paint-brush, stencils and masks when possible in order toget the best results. Decals are also fine if they are of good quality and youhave an effective decal set.


本期完,敬请期待下期吧。提前祝各位模友中秋快乐!
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发表于 2018-9-18 16:18:00 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!
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发表于 2018-9-18 18:03:19 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!
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发表于 2018-9-18 20:36:04 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享!非常好的教学贴!
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发表于 2018-9-18 21:03:28 | 显示全部楼层
感谢 分享  
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发表于 2018-9-18 23:06:06 | 显示全部楼层
感谢翻译
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发表于 2018-9-18 23:43:19 | 显示全部楼层
兄弟 谢谢您继续上好菜
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