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[原创资料翻译] [连载] 亚当的模型指导书 下册 第六期 冬季涂装(发胶掉漆)

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发表于 2018-9-25 11:25:35 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-9-26 12:27 编辑

刚过完中秋假期,又开始盼着国庆长假了。我收拾了好多烂尾模型--都是没有喷漆的,就等着这个假期趁老婆带着孩子回娘家,大干特干一场了!! 假期中间还会给大家带来更多的干货的。各位放假有空多看看模型岛咯
好吧,话不多说,现在就给大家呈上第六期,这章的内容比较单纯,就是用发胶掉漆做冬季涂装。我一直想做一个冬季涂装的虎式,但却迟迟不敢下手,生怕掌握不好,整个涂装就废了,论坛里,贴吧上这种失败的案例比比皆是。所以,别看这期简单,就一层楼,但绝对是技术含量很高的一期。

传送门:
第一期:色彩区分 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56135-1-1.html
第二期:喷笔喷泵的选择 + 底色和迷彩喷涂 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56231-1-1.html
第三期:色调调节(CM技法) http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56473-1-1.html
第四期:滤镜 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57160-1-1.html
第五期: 图案和标识徽章  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57797-1-1.html

声明:所有图书和图片的版权均归原作者和原出版社所有,任何人不得用于商业用途。翻译稿暂时只在模型岛放出,欢迎转载,但请提前联系本人。非常感谢!

07 APPLYING A WINTER WHITEWASH 冬季涂装


基于各种各样的原因,冬季涂装一直在装甲模型爱好者间流行。
Winter Washes have always been popular amongstarmour modellers for a number of reasons.

07-00-01.jpg
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这次我在沙黄上添加了更多的红色和蓝色色调。因为冬季多云的天气状况决定了我们做的秋冬季类模型看上去应该有更深的阴影。
有很多种方法可以在模型上有效的呈现冬季涂装。如今,一种被称之为“发胶掉漆”的技法已经成为模友们最常用的方法。这个技法是由英国模型家Phil Stutcinskas首创。发胶掉漆的原理就是利用发胶在模型面漆的两个涂层之间插入一个过渡层来呈现掉漆效果。
冬季涂装那种不规则的外观给我们的模型增加了很多独特的个性。白色的随机掉漆磨损与绿色或者深灰色底色形成鲜明的对比。如果应用得当,它可以使模型的不同部分和细节之间产生大量的对比。外面这一层白色的冬季涂装也非常适合利用后续增加环境效果营造更加漂亮的外观。
我曾经研究过当时冬季迷彩的制作,有的是用油基氧化钛或者氧化锌这种涂料,涂在战车上的。但这种材料还是比较稀缺的。所以作为权宜之计,当时的战车兵也会用石灰或白垩与水混合后用刷子或拖把涂在车辆表面。
结果就是:这个低成本的白色涂装方案往往撑不了太长时间,很快就会因为各种因素磨损。从而形成了我们通常看到的这种随意的不规则的白色掉漆表面。很多模友非常喜欢还原这种效果。
This time I added more red and blue to thesand yellow tones. Because of the cloudy winter conditions you will want adarker shadier looking finish over your autumn and winter subjects.
There are many methods available toeffectively paint a winter wash onto a scale model. Today one method called thehairspray technique has become the most common method that modellers are using.Pioneered by English modeller Phil Stutcinskas, the hairspray technique useslayers of hairspray to produce chipping effects in subsequent layers of paint.


The muddled appearance of a winter washadds a lot of character to a model. A white random worn winter wash contrastsnicely with a green or dark grey finish. When applied properly it can allow youto create a lot of contrast between different parts and details. A white wintercoat is also great for earth tones resulting in a nice weathered appearancefurther enhancing the finished model.
I have read about permanent oil-basedtitanium oxide or zinc oxide paints for creating winter camouflages on AFVsalthough they are not always obtainable in large amounts. A stopgap for thesemixes was to make a whitewash. These solutions consisted of lime or chalkdissolved in water that would often be applied using a brush or mop.

These low-cost white washes did not lastlong. They would get worn away rather quickly by the elements and crewsresulting in a messy finish. It is these messy random white finishes that modellersenjoy duplicating on their models.



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在接下来的这个例子中,我会在一辆沙黄色虎式战车上进行冬季涂装。在这种色调上使用冬季白色涂装可能会很棘手,因为底色也是浅色的,再上白色可能会导致两种颜色之间的对比度降低。为了避免或者减少这个风险,我在这辆虎式上用的沙黄色底漆要比通常喷到其他德国装甲上的沙黄色更深一些。
For this example I will be applying awinter wash over a Tiger I containing a sand yellow finish. Applying a winterwhite wash over this tone can be tricky because the lighter shade might resultin less contrast between the two coats. To reduce this problem the sand yellowbasecoat that I applied to this Tiger was darker than what I usually airbrushonto German armour subjects.

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Photo 1-2 图片1-2
您可以和很多模友一样从用发胶喷灌直接喷在模型上。我比较喜欢将发胶先喷到杯子里,然后倒到喷笔里,再用喷笔喷到模型上。这样的好处是可以更好的控制发胶的分布和用量。如果发胶上的少了可能起不到掉漆的效果,相反,如果发胶上的太多后续掉漆的时候整个漆面会大块大块地破裂。我发现用喷笔喷涂三层发胶效果很好,当然还是建议您现在废塑料或者废模型上试验一下之后再应用到模型上。
You can apply the hairspray straight fromthe can as many modellers do. I like to spray the hairspray into a cup thenload it into my airbrush. Airbrushing the hairspray gives you better control ofits distribution and the amount that you apply. If you apply too little thetechnique might not work. Apply too much and the succeeding layers of paintwill crack after you wet and add the chipping effects to them. I have foundthat airbrushing three good coats often works fairly well. I would recommendtrying this method on a few pieces of scrap plastic prior to applying it toyour model.





07-01-03.jpg
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Photo 3-5 图片3-5
用水稀释的田宫水漆消光色是能在发胶上呈现最佳效果的面漆之一。在这个例子里,我采用1比1(即1份漆兑1份水)的比例稀释田宫消光白(XF-2),并用喷笔随机喷涂。然后再加入一些些蓝色,为单纯的白色增加一点色彩,然后随机喷涂。正如我之前在滤镜那个章节解释过的,加入蓝色使为了让色调看上去更冷峻一些。
在这个例子中,我从车体前方和两侧开始进行冬季涂装。就我个人而言,在使用发胶掉漆技法时,我更喜欢一个部分接一个部分的做。遮盖好挡泥板,开始喷涂白色,角落的地方多喷一点,因为现实中这里的白色涂料通常不会过快磨损。而越是暴露在外,或者装甲兵容易接触到的位置,就喷的薄一些。
One of the best mediums that modellers havehad success with when using the hairspray technique are Tamiya matt paintsdiluted with water. In this case I thinned some Tamiya matt white paint toabout one part paint and one part water and applied it in random amounts usingmy airbrush.  A very small amount of bluewas added to give a bit of colour to the white. As I explained in the chapterabout filters painters use the colour blue to help give a cold feeling to thetones.
For this example I applied the winter washstarting with the hull front and sides. Personally I like to focus on one partof the subject at a time when using the hairspray technique. While maskingdetails such as the fenders, I airbrushed thicker coats of white into thecorners. I airbrushed lighter amounts of the winter camo toward the outer moreexposed areas that are susceptible to wear from the crew and infantry.


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Photo 6-7 图片6-7
用水稀释的田宫水漆干的很快。您可以立即开始用较硬的笔刷蘸水涂在模型表面开始做掉漆。水会溶解发胶,连同发胶上面的漆膜一同脱落。你会发现之前喷的较厚的地方,掉漆会比较少。相反,喷的较薄的地方掉漆就会比较大。遇到这些地方,要格外小心,别刷过头了。同时,你还可以用类似牙签这样的工具制作更精细的掉漆。
在图片7中就显示了之前喷涂的厚薄不同的白色涂装在掉漆后呈现的两种不同效果。挡泥板上白色喷的比较薄,这些地方的掉漆就会很明显。与之形成对比的是车体上白色喷涂的较厚(译者注:尤其是车前垂直面上),这里的掉漆就会比较少。这是使用冬季涂装来创造不同部件之间对比的一个很好的例子。
Tamiya paint when thinned with water driesquickly. You can immediately start carefully removing the paint using amodified stiff-bristled paint brush dampened with water. The water will moistenthe hairspray allowing it to be removed along with the paint that is over it.You will see that the paint will come off resulting in smaller chips on thethicker coats of white.


You need to be more careful when chippingareas with thin amounts of white. You will find that the paint can be removedmuch easier from these areas resulting in larger chips. You can also use finerbrushes and toothpicks to remove the layers of white.


Photo seven shows the different effectsthat will result on both the thick and thinner layers of paint over thehairspray. Thinner coats of white were applied over the fenders creatingcontrast between these parts and the thicker layers on the hull. This is a goodexample of using a winter camouflage to create distinction between parts.

07-01-08.jpg     07-01-09.jpg



Photo 8-9 图片8-9
接下来,转到车体顶部。大家可以再次注意到田宫白色漆在各个地方薄厚不同的喷涂在掉漆之后呈现的不同效果。
Next I moved onto the top of the hull.Again note the different looking chipping effects over the various thick andthin layers of Tamiya white.


07-01-10.jpg


Photo 10 图片10
最后我开始在挡泥板上制作冬季涂装。这里我薄喷了一层很浅的白色,让他呈现的效果和车体相比更加的柔和。
The fenders on the hull sides were the lastdetail that I applied the winter camo to. I airbrushed a very light coat ofwhite onto the fenders keeping the effect milder than that of the hull.


07-01-11.jpg    07-01-12.jpg    07-01-13.jpg



Photo 11-13 图片11-13
在炮塔上重复上述步骤,先喷两到三层发胶,然后涂白漆。用白纸做一下遮挡,这样可以在每个部分区分漆的厚薄程度,掉漆之后就会在这些不同的面板呈现很好的对比效果。在这个例子中,我将观察舱从炮塔上取下,分开喷涂,便于操作,还能营造观察舱和区域部分不同的掉漆效果。做完掉漆之后,再把观察舱粘到炮塔上。
I repeated the steps over the turret byfirst airbrushing two to three good coats of hairspray followed by a randomcoat of white paint. Paper was used to mask each of the plates. Applyingdifferent amounts of white between each of these details will allow fordissimilar chipping effects creating contrast. I kept the cupola apart from theturret during this step for ease of handling while also making differentchipping effects than those seen on the rest of the turret. The cupola would beglued in place after the model was weathered.


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Photo 14-15 图片14-15
一旦我们冬季涂装的效果满意了,我会喷几层田宫哑光清漆,用来保护冬季涂装这个漆面不会在后面的旧化过程中被破坏。
Once I got the winter wash chipped to my likingI sealed the layer of hairspray and Tamiya paint with a few coats of mattvarnish. This coat will prevent the white layer of Tamiya paint from beingremoved throughout the remaining weathering steps.


07-01-16.jpg    07-01-17.jpg
07-01-18.jpg    07-01-19.jpg
07-01-20.jpg

Photo 16-20 图片16-20
您可以根据您想要达到的效果,采用多次发胶掉漆的方法来实现。在上面结束的步骤之后,等个三个小时左右,可以再来一轮发胶掉漆,让整个涂装看上去更有层次感。这一轮中,当喷完发胶,涂上另一层白色之后,和第一轮相同的方向运用笔刷做掉漆。你可以在图片20中看到,2层发胶掉漆之后,冬季涂装的白色看上去真实度会大大增强。您可以继续来第三层,延续1.发胶 2.油漆 3.清漆这个步骤,直到觉得这个冬季涂装足够真实为止。
You can build up effects over each otherusing multiple layers of hairspray and paint. After letting the first coat ofhairspray, paint and varnish set for about three hours I continued byairbrushing another few good coats of hairspray over the model.


After applying another coat of white Ichipped it in the same manner as the first with the aid of different paintbrushes.  You can see in photo 20 thattwo layers of hairspray and chipped paint will result in a more authenticlooking white wash containing different intensities. I could have applied a thirdcoat of hairspray, paint and varnish but I felt the winter wash to be authenticenough.


07-01-21.jpg    07-01-22.jpg    07-01-23.jpg   
07-01-24.jpg


Photo 21-24 图片21-24
在上第二层保护漆之前,我稀释了一些田宫白色漆,用笔刷刷了一些垂直纹路在发胶上。然后用硬毛笔蘸水沿着垂直方向把这些白色漆刷开,营造流痕效果。(译者注:现状也有很多现成产品模拟这种效果,比如我了解的AK 751水洗白和易模型最近出的一系列水洗漆产品。
Before sealing the second coat I added someruns using a paint brush over the hairspray with the same Tamiya white mix.Afterwards I removed areas of the runs with a modified stiff bristled brush.


07-01-25.jpg    07-01-26.jpg   
07-01-27.jpg



Photo 25-27
这次,我还是使用田宫透明清漆作为保护漆,为后面的渍洗做准备。因为在光泽表面做渍洗更加的容易。(译者注:光滑的表面方便渗线的时候渍洗液的流动,以及后续的擦拭。)如同你在图片27中看到的,渍洗液和后续旧化步骤会慢慢的减少表面的光泽。
This time I sealed the model using a coatof Tamiya clear for the upcoming washes. Washes are easier to control whenapplied over satin and glossy surfaces. The oils used for the washes along withthe other weathering effects will reduce this satin appearance as seen in thephotos of the finished model.




总结时间:冬季涂装能为我们的模型增加很多个性和真实性。做的时候别忘记了可以利用这种涂装多多的为不同的零件或部件间创建对比。为了创建真实效果,根据你自己的需要,可以做多层的冬季迷彩涂装。记住:每一轮或是每一层之间至少要让发胶,油漆和保护漆至少干燥三到四个小时。本书后面还会给大家呈现很多用发胶掉漆技法做出不同效果的例子。
A winter camouflage will add a lot ofcharacter and authenticity to a model. Remember to use it to help add contrastbetween parts and details. Keep in mind that you can build up layers of thewinter camo if necessary in order to create an authentic result. Just let thecoats of hairspray, paint and varnish dry for at least three to four hoursprior to applying the next coat. More examples of using the hairspray techniqueto obtain different effects will be covered throughout this book.

本期完!!预祝大家国庆假期快乐!! 提前预告一下:假期中会为大家奉上第七期----“渍洗”,敬请期待吧!

参与人数 5铜币 +460 收起 理由
ice_man33 + 100 写的不错!
zywphysics + 100 前排留名
liangyushen + 50 太棒了
小蜗牛阿超 + 200 感谢分享
hiphop启示录 + 10 不错,支持下不错学习了

查看全部评分总评分 : 铜币 +460

发表于 2018-9-25 11:36:15 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主分享!非常好的教学贴,收藏了!
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发表于 2018-9-25 15:45:19 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享              
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发表于 2018-9-25 22:17:57 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享,期待下期
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发表于 2018-9-26 06:08:00 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享,好好学习
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-9-26 15:19:39 | 显示全部楼层
感谢各位一直以来的支持!到这期,本书已经翻译完三分之一了。后面章章精彩,干货连连。想想都有些小刺激呢!

翻译完这本书,我感觉自己会升华的

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发表于 2018-9-29 00:57:10 | 显示全部楼层
楼主给力啊
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