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[原创资料翻译] [连载] 亚当的模型指导书 下册 第十期 发胶掉漆

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发表于 2018-10-23 17:13:10 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-10-24 10:02 编辑

这次出国期间,造访了法国索缪尔的Musee des blindes 坦克博物馆。一个字!“太爽了!!”,仿佛小兵张嘎缴了胖翻译的枪,反复端详,爱不释手,开心的叫了一声--“终于见到真家伙了!”。里面大大小小200多辆坦克和战车,仿佛看到了宏伟的历史呈现在我眼前。最舒服的是游览的过程中整个博物馆大部分时间只有我一个游客,可以尽情的看,尽情的摸。有些战车还允许钻进去,实在过瘾啊!!有机会整理下照片和视频放上来跟大家一起分享!

言归正传,继上次的常规掉漆之后,这次给大家带来发胶掉漆技法。发胶掉漆现在已经非常普遍,各种教程视频不一而足,这篇翻译呈现了发胶掉漆的多种用法,相信也会给大家带来新的启发!如有错误的地方,欢迎大家给我指出!谢谢!这次占两个楼层。

前几期传送门:
第一期:色彩区分 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56135-1-1.html
第二期:底色和迷彩喷涂  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56231-1-1.html
第三期:色调调节  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-56473-1-1.html
第四期:滤镜: http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57160-1-1.html
第五期: 图案和标识徽章  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57797-1-1.html
第六期:发胶掉漆制作冬季涂装  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-57939-1-1.html
第八期:褪色和添加阴影 http://www.moxdao.com/thread-58663-1-1.html
第九期: 常规掉漆  http://www.moxdao.com/thread-58789-1-1.html

声明:所有图书和图片的版权均归原作者和原出版社所有,任何人不得用于商业用途。翻译稿暂时只在模型岛放出,欢迎转载,但请提前联系本人。非常感谢!


PAINT CHIPPING USINGHAIRSPRAY 发胶掉漆法

虽然之前更多的是在做冬季涂装和修饰效果时用到发胶,但现在越来越多的模友喜欢用发胶来获得更加精细的掉漆效果。
Although still more common for creating wintercamouflages and rust effects, some modellers also prefer hairspray as a means ofobtaining fine chips on their models.



在下面的例子中,我们还会使用与前面相同的方法。在这一部分中,我们会用发胶来制作精细的掉漆效果。第一个例子,我会在主动轮上制作精细的掉漆效果。第二个例子,我会用发胶掉漆技法在虎式坦克的一侧呈现防磁剥落(或残留)效果。让我们马上开始吧!
In the next examples we will be using someof the same methods discussed earlier. In this part we will look at twoexamples to demonstrate what can be possible when using the hairspray techniqueto make fine chipping effects. In the first example we will make some finechips on a sprocket. For the second example we will use hairspray to help uscreate some small chips representing the remnants of zimmerit pattern on theside of a Tiger one. Let’s get started.  




STANDARD CHIPPING, HAIRSPRAYMETHOD 常规发胶掉漆


如今有很多模友都喜欢用发胶掉漆法给整车做掉漆效果。
There are now many people whom prefer the hairspraytechnique as the way to chip the entire model.


当然像前几个小节介绍的那种精细掉漆,我通常不选择用发胶掉漆的方式来做。发胶掉漆其实就是在两层颜色中间插入一层发胶的技术。那我自己来说,CM已经成为我做模型过程中标志性的步骤了,CM要喷涂很多层来创造色差,这就使得用发胶掉漆技术来获得很精细的掉漆变得很困难,远没有我使用笔涂的方式控制的好。但如果您非常熟悉发胶掉漆技术,也可以获得非常精细非常好的掉漆效果,而且更加真实。那种效果是用最好最精细的笔刷也难以呈现出来的。在这个例子中,我会采用发胶掉漆技法来给Friul Model出品的虎王坦克驱动轮做掉漆效果。
This also includes fine chips like the onesthat were applied by brush demonstrated earlier. I normally do not choose thehairspray method for fine chipping. This technique requires a single layer ofcolour to be airbrushed over a coat of hairspray that is on a dark base coat.Colour modulation for example has become a signature step in the models that Ipublish. Colour modulation uses multiple layers of paint making fine chippingwith the hairspray technique difficult. I still do not get the same controlwith the hairspray method that I do when using a fine brush for obtainingchipping effects, but if you are familiar with using hairspray as a means ofchipping you can really obtain some actual very fine chips that are extremelydifficult to replicate using the finest of brushes. In this example I willperform some fine chipping with the aid of hairspray over these Friulmodel castmetal Tiger II drive sprockets.





10-05-01.png
10-05-02.jpg
Photo 1-2 图片1-2
这个例子中,我用氧化红色作为底色,然后快速扫喷两到三层发胶。
For this example I will use a red oxideprimer colour as the basecoat. I added two to three coats of hairspray usingquick passes with a spray can.   





10-05-03.jpg    10-05-04.jpg
Photo 3-4 图片3-4
我用水稀释了田宫深黄色水漆(XF-60),轻轻的薄喷一层即可,如果你喷的太厚,相信我!稍后擦除的时候会折腾死你的。
I used Tamiya paints thinned with water forthe coat of dark yellow. One rather light coat of paint is all that is needed.If you make this coat too thick it will be more difficult to remove the paint.





10-05-05.jpg    10-05-06.jpg
Photo 5-6 图片5-6
用这种方式做掉漆时,发胶的喷涂量也需要小心的控制。如图五所示,如果发胶喷的太多(译者注:或者不匀)就会造成这种情况(译者注:可能图片不是特别清晰,放大之后可以看到类似漆膜覆盖不佳的状态,模友往往称之为“橘皮效果”),即使这样仍然可以继续操作下去,但是这种裂纹会大大的降低成品的真实性。我在第二个驱动轮上快速扫喷了两层发胶(比之前的三层少喷了一次)来防止再发生这种情况。
You also need to be careful with the amountof hairspray that you apply when chipping in this manner. If you apply too muchfine cracking will result as seen in photo number five. I was able to make thisexample work but these cracks can still reduce the authenticity of the finishedpart. I applied only two quick coats of hairspray on the second drive sprocketinstead of three and less cracking resulted.




10-05-07.jpg    10-05-08.jpg
Photo 7-8 图片7-8
我在喷笔中倒入少许清水,然后在第一个驱动轮上喷涂一层。接下来,就是见证奇迹的时刻啦。我用牙签在角角落落处开始擦除油漆。在执行这个过程时,你可能需要反复的喷几次水。
Working on one wheel at a time I loadedsome water into my airbrush and sprayed a coat over the first sprocket. Using atoothpick I started rubbing the paint from the part focusing on the corners.You will need to spray the water over the part a few times while performingthis task.





10-05-09.jpg    10-05-10.jpg
Photo 9-10 图片9-10
接下来我继续用一支改造过的笔刷继续擦除油漆。
Next I continued removing some of the paintusing a damp modified paint brush.





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Photo 11-12 图片11-12
随着掉漆的完成,需要给模型表面喷一层透明清漆保护完成后的效果。避免后续的工作破坏已经做好的掉漆。然后用Life Color水漆调一个比底色浅一点的色调,用笔涂的方式做一些细微的掉漆或磨损。这些掉漆呈现的是驱动轮刮擦后的痕迹。
同样,你也可以用笔涂的方式来调整你认为做的太大的掉漆(译者注:发胶掉漆并不是非常好掌握,有时候会不小心刮下来一大块,你又不想呈现大块的掉漆。这个时候就可以用笔涂的方式把颜色补回去
With the chipping complete a coat of clearwas added to seal the outer layer of paint protecting it from the upcomingfinishing steps. Lighter tones of the basecoat using Life Colour paints wereadded with a fine brush. These chips will represent where the sand yellow tonehas been scraped.
You can also use this step to reduce thesize of chips that you feel to be too large. This lighter tone can also coverareas where you accidently scraped through to the plastic or metal as in thiscase.  





10-05-13.jpg    10-05-14.jpg
10-05-15.jpg
Photo 13-15 图片13-15
接下来整体做一边渍洗。大约15分钟后,做进一步渗线来突出细节。等渍洗液干透后,老规矩,斑点法弹一些锈渍上去。
A general wash was applied over the entirepart. After about 15 minutes I applied some more pin washes to further bringout details. Once the washes were dry some more fine rust chips were added withspeckling.  





10-05-16.jpg    10-05-17.jpg
10-05-18.jpg
Photo 16-18 图片16-18
最后,我用砂纸轻轻的在驱动轮的齿轮上磨一下,目的是要露出下面的金属底色。打磨好之后在齿轮和其他区域(译者注:主要是凸起的位置)轻轻擦一些石墨,呈现金属效果。(译者注:枪铁色或者金属色天然土,或者铅笔都可以。
I carefully removed the paint from theteeth of the sprocket using sandpaper exposing the metal underneath. Somegraphite was lightly rubbed over the teeth and other areas to finish off thepart.



使用发胶掉漆法呈现精细的掉漆效果是一门强大的技术。如我所示,这也是一种需要和其他技术配合使用的技法。下面,我要呈现用发胶掉漆法呈现精细的防磁剥落掉漆效果。
Creating fine chips using hairspray can be avery powerful technique as it allows you to obtain very authentic scratches inthe paint. As I have shown, this is another method that works best inconjunction with other techniques. Next we will see another example ofobtaining fine chips and effects using hairspray this time to create theremnants of a zimmerit pattern.

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感谢楼主的无私分享,请岛友们有铜币的都支持一波,射分感谢楼主的劳动成果。  发表于 2018-10-23 19:14
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-10-23 17:13:26 | 显示全部楼层

REMNANTS OF A ZIMMERIT PATTERN 防磁剥落痕迹

本帖最后由 facewest 于 2018-10-23 17:20 编辑

REMNANTS OF A ZIMMERITPATTERN 防磁剥落痕迹


这个部分我们会看到发胶掉漆法的另一个例子.
这次我们将呈现车体上的防磁大块剥落之后的残留痕迹。我们需要事先好好的准备,并利用遮盖在局部使用发胶来制作这种效果。我在之前的冬季涂装中也用过类似的方法。注意,我在车体,炮塔和挡泥板这些区域还是采用传统技法制作掉漆的。
In this part we will look at an another exampleof making chipping effects using the hairspray technique.
This time we are going to make an effectthat represents chipped remnants of a zimmerit pattern where large patches ofit have broken away from the hull. With careful masking and preparation you cankeep effects using hairspray confined to specific areas. I also used thehairspray technique to add the winter wash described earlier. Please note thatI resorted to the traditional methods of creating chipping effects over all ofthe sand yellow areas such as the hull, turret and fenders.




10-06-01.jpg
10-06-02.jpg
Photo 1-2 图片1-2
继续用之前那辆虎式作为例子。先用枪铁灰笔涂没有防磁的区域(防磁剥落的区域)。
Continuing with the Tiger I as we left itearlier, the first thing needed was to paint all of the areas of chippedzimmerit by brush using a grey mild steel toned acrylic.




10-06-03.jpg    10-06-04.jpg
Photo 3-4 图片3-4
接下来用遮盖带,遮盖液各种利器把其余所有区域遮盖好。然后用喷笔喷三到四层发胶。
Next I masked everything using both tapeand liquid mask. After I applied three to four good coats of hairspray using anairbrush.




10-06-05.jpg    10-06-06.jpg
Photo 5-6 图片5-6
然后在发胶层上,我用稀释后的田宫水漆喷上几层。下部喷深一点的红棕色,然后朝上用浅一点的红色做过度。但这一步其实并不是为了达到色调调节的效果,而只是为了呈现掉漆后红色底漆不同的视觉效果而已。
Over the hairspray I applied a few tones ofprimer red using Tamiya paints thinned with water. I started with a darkerred-brown coat near the bottom then a lighter one towards the top. This was notso much as in attempt at colour modulation but more of a means of obtainingdifferent tonal effects on the primer red once the chipping process wascompleted.



10-06-07.jpg    10-06-08.jpg
Photo 7-8 图片7-8
如果你手速够快,完全可以用手涂的方式上发胶。这个时候你只需要快速的单向涂一层即可,因为如果涂厚了,可能会把之前的水漆给揭起来。接下来等发胶干了之后,在上面快速的单向刷一层漆。
If you are quick you can also apply amountsof hairspray using a paintbrush. You need to be fast when applying the coatusing only single passes because the hairspray, when manipulated too much, canlift away the acrylic paint. Next a coat of the primer tone was quickly brushedover the hairspray after it had dried again with a paintbrush using quicksingle passes.  



10-06-09.jpg    10-06-10.jpg
10-06-11.jpg
Photo 9-11 图片9-11
等油漆干燥之后,我开始用锋利的工具按照防磁纹路划过红色底漆,漏出下面一层金属色底漆。划线之后,再用蘸水的硬毛笔刷在底色上做掉漆,这一步会有更多的红色底漆剥离,呈现出稍大的掉漆效果,综合刚才的划线操作,巧妙的同时呈现了防磁之后残留的痕迹和掉漆效果,看上去更加的自然。
Without wetting the paint I startedscribing the zimmerit pattern into the primer red areas using a sharp tool.After scribing the pattern I went over and chipped each of the primer red partsagain using a stiff bristled paintbrush dampened with tap water. With this stepI removed more of the primer red paint and subtly blended some of the scribedzimmerit pattern making it look more natural.



10-06-12.jpg
Photo 12 图片12
用深红棕色油画颜料在红色底漆区域做一个简单的滤镜,巧妙的将灰色底色和不同的红色调混合起来。
Dark red-brown oils were blended over theprimer red areas subtly blending the grey base with the different primer redtones.




10-06-13.jpg
Photo 13 图片13
最后一步是用Humbol浅褐色珐琅漆添加一些细小的防磁残留。至于为什么用珐琅漆不是用水性漆,因为我需要呈现非常细小的防磁剥落痕迹,用珐琅漆便于我可以快速的将不需要的地方擦除。这里我用了一直书法毛笔,好的专业书法毛笔虽然价格贵,但却非常适合用来做掉漆,因为他们的笔尖非常的细。
The final step was to add some very fineleftover amounts of zimmerit using a light tan Humbrol enamel paint. I usedenamel instead of an acrylic because I needed the visible remnants of zimmeritto be very fine. If I over did this step I could quickly remove the paint usingthinner. I used a calligraphy brush for this step. Good professionalcalligraphy brushes, although expensive, are great for chipping because theyare designed to hold a lot of paint containing a very fine point.




16-06-14.jpg
Photo 14 图片14
在图片14中,你可以在我用锐器划防磁纹路之后漏出的深灰铁色底色。你还需要注意某些地方并不是红色底色,是车体的沙黄色。我就没有用硬物划线的方式了,怕伤到底色。为了解决这个问题,我用细笔涂灰色丙烯漆修补一下。同时还需要注意,通过水控制的两种发胶调漆结果为红色底色带来的柔和的色调差。(译者注:这里我其实并不是非常的清洗。亚当的意思可能是说再发胶掉漆的过程中,在我们蘸水刷掉漆的时候,水的多寡可能也会为掉漆带来不同的最终效果。)我们还可以看到细的浅棕色防磁残留。后面在讲其他技法的时候,还有个例子我会呈现这些涂层怎么样和潮湿效果或其他环境效果在一起作用,呈现完美真实的涂装。


10-06-15.jpg
最后,学习不同技巧只是我们做模型的一方面,一个很重要的秘诀就是要了解他们是怎么样组合使用的。需要在什么时候组合使用?需要怎么组合使用?等等。这才能够帮你完成一个逼真的作品!
In photo 14 you can see the fine dark grey steeltones showing through where I scribed the zimmerit pattern into the coat ofprimer red. You should know that I scribed through the dark grey down to thesand yellow base in a few areas. To fix this I simply went back over theseareas with a fine brush using a grey acrylic paint. Also note the subtlevarious tones in the coat of primer red that resulted when I chipped the twodifferent shades from the hairspray using a paint brush dampened with water. Wecan also see the fine light tan pattern of remaining zimmerit. These layerswhen coupled with the wet effects and earth tones display another example ofhow different techniques, or layers of effects, work together to give you afinal authentic looking surface. Learning different techniques is only onething.  The important secret isunderstanding when and how to use combinations of these methods together thatis the true secret to obtaining realistic finishes.  

本期完! 敬请期待下期吧!
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发表于 2018-10-23 19:14:55 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主的无私分享,请岛友们有铜币的都支持一波,射分感谢楼主的劳动成果。
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-10-23 20:15:37 | 显示全部楼层
小蜗牛阿超 发表于 2018-10-23 19:14
感谢楼主的无私分享,请岛友们有铜币的都支持一波,射分感谢楼主的劳动成果。

再次感谢前辈射分!我快成万元户啦
来自苹果客户端来自苹果客户端
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发表于 2018-10-23 21:09:25 | 显示全部楼层
感谢分享           
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发表于 2018-10-24 05:26:44 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享,楼主辛苦了
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发表于 2018-10-24 09:04:02 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢楼主分享,辛苦了
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发表于 2018-10-24 09:37:29 | 显示全部楼层
谢谢分享~~~~~~
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发表于 2018-10-24 16:28:16 | 显示全部楼层
感谢楼主的帖子,让我学到不少,好东西!
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 楼主| 发表于 2018-10-24 18:51:06 | 显示全部楼层
海边的小砂 发表于 2018-10-24 16:28
感谢楼主的帖子,让我学到不少,好东西!

小砂老师的作品太精彩,真的让我学好几年可能还不够。尤其是那个KV2乐园。
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